Investing word of the day: Intrinsic value

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Intrinsic value

1. The actual value of a security, as opposed to its market price or book value. The intrinsic value includes other variables such as brand name, trademarks, and copyrights that are often difficult to calculate and sometimes not accurately reflected in the market price. One way to look at it is that the market capitalization investors are willing to pay for the company) and intrinsic value is the value (i.e. what the company is really worth). Different investors use different techniques to calculate intrinsic value.

2. The amount by which a call option is in the money, calculated by taking the difference between the strike price and the market price of the underlier. For example, if a call option for 100 shares has a strike price of $35 and the stock is trading at $50 a share than the call option has an intrinsic value of $15 share, or $1500. If the stock price is less than the strike price the call option has no intrinsic value.

3. The amount by which a put option is in the money, calculated by taking the difference between the strike price and the market price of the underlier. For example, if a put option for 100 shares has a strike price of $35 and the stock is trading at $20 a share than the put option has an intrinsic value of $15 per share, or $1500. If the stock price is greater than the strike price the put option has no intrinsic value.

 
In simple terms it is the perceived value by the general investing public. Investors wants to buy such stock because they believe that such stock has a higher capability to generate income in the long run. Market price may change from time to time but stocks with intrinsic value will always perform will in spite of any financial crisis.
Financial Freedom Advocate About the blogger

Louis Delos Angeles is a Certified Public Accountant, blogger behind Investing in Philippines, and author of Investing in Stocks: Preparing for the future small amount at a time. Check him out in Google+ Learn more about Louis and his financial freedom advocacy here.

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